There is a fundamental distinction is between personality and behaviour. The word “personality” has many common uses and many definitions. So what doers it mean? Essentially, personality is taken to mean a mix of values, world-views, set responses and characteristics which are relatively enduring aspects of the person.
Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving and properties of any human-being. The study of personality focuses on two broad areas: One is understanding individual differences in particular personality characteristics, such as sociability or irritability.
Personality is more inherent. It is believed to be developed in the dna, meaning genetically formed. So you are born with the personality, it can be further developed as you learn, but it is not based on inputs like your attitude.
Personality is the sum total of personal characteristics (physical and psychological) of a human being which affects behaviour.
Our values help determine our personality. Our values are those things we find most important to us. For example, if your value is calmness and peace, your personality would show this in many possible ways. You might prefer to have a few close friends and avoid going to a nightclub on Saturday nights. You might choose a less stressful career path, and you might find it challenging to work in a place where frequent conflict occurs.
Examples of Values:
What are your top five values? How do you think this affects your personality?
A predisposition or a tendency to respond positively or negatively towards a certain idea, object, person, or situation. Attitude influences an individual’s choice of action, and responses to challenges, incentives, and rewards (together called stimuli).
Attitude is your thinking, based on what inputs you have had in life: environment, family of origin, friends, media, school, religion, education, self perceptions, etc.
Imagine you are very patriotic about being Indian. This might cause you to have an ethnocentric attitude towards everything not Indian. Imagine further that you are with a group of like-minded friends. You say:
Of course, there’s no other country as good as Indian to live in. Other places are alright in their own way, but they can’t compare with your mother county.
(There are nods of approval all round. You are fitting in – adaptive). The people in the group are wearing England football shirts (This is the self-expression function).
Then imagine you go on to say:
The trouble with foreigners is that they don’t speak Hindi. I went to France last year and they were ignorant. Even if they could speak our language they wouldn’t do so. I call that unfriendly.
(Others agree with you and tell you of their similar experiences. You are making sense of things. This is the knowledge function). Then someone who has never travelled takes things a stage further…
I don’t mind foreigners coming here on holiday…but they shouldn’t be allowed to live here….taking our jobs and living off social security. India for the Indian is what I say….why is it getting so you can’t get a decent job in your own country.
(Now the others in the room join in scapegoating foreigners and demonstrating the ego defensive function of attitudes).
Attitude is part of personality. It is an aspect of it. Like eye color is an aspect of your features and influences your appearance.
Your attitude significantly impacts not only how you perceive the world
but how you interact.
Make no mistake between my personality and attitude. My personality is who am i and my attitude depends on are you.