Swami Vivekananda (born January 12, 1863 – Death: July 4,1902) was famous and influential spiritual leader of vedanta. His real name was Narendranath Dutt. He represent eternal religion General Assembly of india for The US-based World Religions held in Chicago in the early 1893. Vedanta philosophy and spirituality of India was reached in every single country of the United States and Europe because of the Swami Vivekananda’s speech. He was the founder of the Ramakrishna Mission is still doing its job. They are worthy disciple of Ramakrishna. He was well known by the beginning of his speech, “my American brothers and sisters”. The first sentence of his address was won everyone’s heart.
He was born into an aristocratic Bengali family in Calcutta, so he bowed in spirituality. They were very impressed by his guru Ramakrishna Deva whom he learned all the creatures themselves are an embodiment of the divine. Therefore hr believe in serving God by serving the human. After the death of Ramakrishna Vivekananda toured the Indian subcontinent extensively and acquired first-hand knowledge of existing conditions in British India.In 1893, traveled to the United States for the World Parliament of Religions to represent India. In India, Vivekananda is regarded as a patriotic saint and his birthday is celebrated as National Youth Day.
Birth and Childhood:
Swami Vivekananda was born on January 12, 1863 (according to scholars Makar Sankranti Samvat 1920) in Calcutta on a Kayasthas family. His childhood name was Narendranath Dutt. Father Vishwanath Datta, was a well known advocate of the Calcutta High Court. Durgacharan Datta, (Narendra’s grandfather) was a scholar of Sanskrit and Persian. At the age of 25 he left his family and became a monk. His mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi woman religious opinions. Most of his time was spent in worship of Lord Shiva. Narendra’s father and his mother’s religious, progressive and rational attitude helped in shaping his thinking and personality.
Narendra was a great acumen from childhood and also he was naughty. They do a lot of mischief with his friends and also not miss the opportunity to mischief with his teachers. his mother Bhuvaneshwari devi was very habitual to listen story of Mahabharata, Purana, Ramayana. Rose dies at his home because of religious worship was the mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi Purana, Ramayana, Mahabharata and was very fond of listening to the story. The narrator comes home they often. There was also regular prayers and devotional songs. Family’s religious and spiritual environment from childhood by the influence of religion and spirituality in the mind of a child Narendra rites were coming thick and fast. His curious to know about god therefore he asked difficult of questions to his parents and scholars.
In 1871, at the age of eight, Narendranath went to Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Institute of the Metropolitan, where he started in the school. In 1877, the family moved to Raipur. In 1879, after the return of his family in Calcutta, she was the only student in the First Division of the Presidency college entrance examination scores.
He was a reader of philosophy, religion, history, social science, art and literature topics including an enthusiastic. He was also much in terested in The Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Puranas, in addition and many Hindu scriptures. Narendra was trained in Indian classical music, and is also in regular physical exercise and used to participate in the Games. Western logic, western philosophy and history of European were Studied in General Assembly Institution (now Scottish Church College). In 1881, he passed the test of Fine Arts, and in 1884 completed a Bachelor of Arts degree.
Spiritual Apprenticeship – The impact of the Brahmo Samaj:
Narendra joined keshab chandra sen’s new testament in 1880. During 1881-1884, these are involved in the sense of hop band which used to discourage young people from smoking and drinking. He had become familiar with the western spirituality Due to his dressing style. Brahmo Samaj, a shapeless their initial beliefs and trust in God was defended idolatry, influenced by and streamlined, rationalized, monotheistic concepts, theology, Vedanta and Upanishads encouraged to study a selective and modern way.
Once a disciple of in the service, showing disgust and inactivity. Vivekananda came to see anger. They teach his master and poet brother of service and love for each object indicating their bedside taking full throwing blood, phlegm etc. De to greatness of such exclusive devotion and dedication to his master the body of their master and their Devotional ideals could best service. ramakrushna understood the nature of the own existence would disappear and later in the overall World invaluable spiritual treasures of India to spread the aroma. His personality was such that the foundations of this great master-service and exclusive dedication to master the whole world saw the result. Swami Vivekananda had dedicated his life to his Guru Ramakrishna. His master’s body was very sick. In the master’s body-sacrificing delicate condition of his home and family and own food without having to worry constantly engaged in the service of the master.
My American brothers and sisters!
Cordiality and affection with which you have welcomed us stand for the sake of her gratitude to my heart has been full of indescribable joy. The ancient tradition of the monks in the world I thank you; Thank you on behalf of the mother of religions; And from all sects and Hindu votes lots of thank. I am proud to be a follower of the religion that the world both tolerance and universal education has Allowed. We do not believe in all religions but only tolerance for all religions to accept as truthful. I have a country to be someone who has pride of all religions and nations of the earth have been oppressed and shelter refugees. I’m proud you are indicating that we bust them Jews favored the residual Buddhism. Who had taken refuge in South India came in the same year, the year that the Roman people from the tyranny of their holy temple was found in the dust. Be a follower of a religion in which I am proud great Remnant sheltered Zarathushti race and yet he is adhered to. Brothers, I will tell you a few lines of source whose frequency and the frequency I am from childhood to the day millions of men:
It is originally in sanskrit,
रुचीनां वैचित्र्यादृजुकुटिलनानापथजुषाम्। नृणामेको गम्यस्त्वमसि पयसामर्णव इव।।
That came from different sources such as rivers fall into the sea, so, O GOD! Different interests or different awkward people to be deflected in the end, come get Thee.
This House, which is still one of the best conferences holy Gita automatically rendering of this wonderful teaching and his announcement to the world that:
ये यथा मां प्रपद्यन्ते तांस्तथैव भजाम्यहम्। मम वर्त्मानुवर्तन्ते मनुष्याः पार्थ सर्वशः।।
Whoever comes to me whatsoever that-be, I’ll get him. People vary by route and attempt to come to me in the end.
Communalism, dogma and bigotry of their loathsome offspring state has for a long time on this earth. They are filling the earth with violence and it bathes in the blood of humanity are recurrent, that civilizations were destroyed entire countries have been putting in the pit of despair. If they do not act in the carnal loathsome human society is now more advanced than ever would have been. Ninad prove the death of humans Parasparik acrimony.
Narendra ocher robes at the age of 25 had been captured. Thereafter, he traveled throughout India on foot. In 1893, Chicago (USA), the World Council of Religions was getting. Swami Vivekananda came as the representative of India.
European-American people subjugated the Indians were very inferior view. There are plenty of people that tried to Swami Vivekananda religion may not have the time to speak in the Council. But an American professor found them a little time to try. Council learned that all were astonished to hear his views. In America he was again highly welcome. There was a large community of devotees.
In the United States and the people there of Indian philosophy provided wonderful light in the three years. Given his oratory style and knowledge of the media there Cyclonic Hindu named him. “without spirituality-gazing and Indian philosophy will be the world orphan” Swami Vivekananda had the conviction. He had set up branches in the US, many of the Ramakrishna Mission. Many American scholars took their discipleship. They are always said the “poor man” himself. India is the country’s pride, he always tried to bright india in overseas.
Vivekananda’s contribution and importance:
Thirty-nine years working on the brief life of Swami Vivekananda will guide the future generations for many centuries.Swami Vivekananda in Chicago at the age of thirty, the US Conference of World Religions represented Hinduism and earned universal recognition. Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore had once said, “If you want to know India, Read Vivekananda. Among them you will find everything positive, nothing negative.”
Romain Rolland had said about him, “It is impossible to imagine any of them being second, wherever they were, first stayed the same. Everyone of them was the referent of their leader. They were representative of God and to have a dominion over all their typical. Himachal Pradesh, once an unknown traveler to see them stopped and said with exclamatory -‘shiva ! “as if it were a deity that person may have his name written on their foreheads.”
They not only saint, a great patriot, orator, thinker, writer and philanthropist were. He had returned from the US called upon the countrymen “New India went cobbler shop, hot from the market, leaving lying bushes, forests, mountains, from the mountains.” And the people responded to the call of Swamiji. He went out with pride. Gandhiji received public support in their fight for freedom, it was the result of the call of Vivekananda. Thus the Indian freedom struggle also became a major source of inspiration. He believed that religion and philosophy of India divine land is sacred. This great saints and sages were born, this is the land of renunciation and sacrifice, and here-here-primitive dimension Since only the highest ideal of life and salvation to man the door is open. His statement – “Arise, awake, awake awakening myself to others. Do your male-born to succeed and not until then should not wait until the target.”
Vivekananda in the late nineteenth century years armed or violent revolution through almost wanted to liberate the country. But he was soon convinced that those conditions are not ripe yet intentions. Subsequently, the Vivekananda ‘go it alone’ policy by following as a family put India as the world exploring.
He said I was too young monk from India’s villages must go absorbed in the service of citizens with deadly. His dream is not complete. Vivekananda sacerdotalism, religious Amberon, and stereotypes were strongly against religious fundamentalism. He put faith in man’s service center had spiritual contemplation. His Hinduism Odd, was not pneumatic. They rebel statement that the country’s three hundred thirty million hungry, poor and malnourished people like gods and should be installed in the temple sculptures of deities from temples be dropped.
He sacerdotalism, Brahmanism, religion, and the fun of stereotypes Udayi and almost aggressive in the war against such anomalies. His vision of the best thinkers of Hinduism to the world of ideas squeeze is still the subject of envy. Swamiji had indicated that his country abroad and the need for the material prosperity, but we must not beggar. We have a lot more than what we can give to the east and west Besakhta her needs.
Swami Vivekananda for his country’s heritage was not arrogance or hyperbole. Indian civilization and culture of a theologian monk neutral, objective criticism and valuation. Later that stamped the history of the twentieth century.
Vivekananda is energetic and pithy lectures worldwide fame. last day of life, he explained about Shukla Yajurveda and said, “Vivekananda said another, to understand that what has happened is the Vivekananda.” End of his life according to their followers on 4,July 1902, he doe not changed his mind and the routine morning meditation and meditation in two to three hours took their soft spot penetrate passing. His funeral pyre on the banks of the Ganges in Belur Sandal said. The other side of the Ganga in their master Ramakrishna was sixteen years ago, funerals.
His disciples and followers, there is a temple built in his memory and his guru Ramakrishna and Vivekananda in the world to promote the messages of more than 130 centers.
Basic principles of the educational philosophy of Swami Vivekananda:
- Education of the child is such that physical, mental and spiritual development possible.
- Education of the child is such that build character, develop the mind, intellect, and a boy became self depended.
- Both boys and girls should have equal education.
- Religious education, not by giving books by conduct and values should be.
- In the course of both temporal and supernatural themes should position.
- Education, teacher, can be found in the home.
- Teachers and students should be concerned more closely.
- The promotion and propagation of education in general must go.
- Technical education for the country’s economic growth should be arranged.
- Humanitarian and national education must start from the family.